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Climate zones and seasons in Australia

Climate zones and seasons in Australia

Australia is such a huge country that it has a wide variety of climates. Therefore, depending on the season, you can undertake various types of trips and activities. You just have to know which regions are best at which time of the year! In this article we provide an overview of the different climate zones and seasons in Australia. With this in mind, you’re going to be at the right place at the right time. And anyone who plans to do fruit picking during their trip will find how important it is to know the seasons in order to find a job.

Weather in Australia

Australia being in the southern hemisphere it means seasons are reversed compared to the northern hemisphere! Here, Christmas is celebrated in summer at fairly high temperatures!

All of northern Australia (Northern Territory, north of Western Australia & Queensland) has a more tropical influenced climate. This part of the country knows two seasons. The dry season from April to September is characterised by hot temperatures and drought. On the contrary, the rainy season (“wet season”) consists of moist heat and stormy weather, often accompanied by heavy rains. It lasts from October to March.

In the south of the country (Tasmania, New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia), the climate is rather temperate and is called oceanic. Spring lasts from September to November, the hot summer from December to February, autumn from March to May and the mild winter from June to August.

Finally, in the central region of the country, the climate is dry while precipitation is rare. The coolest time is between March and August. The hottest time is between September and February with unbearable temperatures. The nights are always cold.

We now understand why it is important to know about the climate in Australia before going on an adventure. And also to know about the harvest time of different fruits and vegetables.

This map shows the different climate zones of Australia:

 

australia climate map

Source : commons.wikimedia.org

Seasons in Australia

The south of the country has four seasons, while the tropical north knows only two, the rainy and the dry season.

Sydney – average temperatures

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Min (°C) 18 18 17 14 11 9 8 9 11 13 16 17
Max (°C) 26 26 24 22 19 16 16 17 19 22 23 25

In the southern and therefore temperate part of the country, summers are hot and winters mild. The average annual temperature is about 20 ° C. The hottest month is January and the coldest is July.

Cairns – average temperatures

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Min (°C) 24 24 23 22 20 18 17 18 19 21 23 24
Max (°C) 32 31 31 29 28 26 26 27 28 30 31 32

In the tropical region of Australia (in the north of the country), the dry season from May to October is pleasant and warm. During the rainy season from December to March, there are hot days with daily storms.

Alice Springs – average temperatures

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Min (°C) 22 21 18 13 8 5 4 6 11 15 18 21
Max (°C) 37 36 33 29 24 20 20 23 28 31 34 36

In the middle of the country and the arid regions of Australia, winter temperatures are cold and hot in summer.

Source: www.climatsetvoyages.com

For more information on real-time weather, visit the Australian Government website.

 

Best time to travel

In general, it seems to be best for a spring and summer road trip in the south of the country. The north and the centre are recommended in autumn and winter.

The best seasons for the entire continent seem to be autumn (between March and May) and spring (between September and November).

Certain times are to be avoided: summer especially in the Red Center, the rainy season in the north of Australia (from December to February) and winter in the south (June-August). Watch out for the school holidays as prices rise during this time.

Further information: Road Trip Australia: Itinerary Ideas

 

Natural hazards

The diverse and extreme climate of Australia sometimes leads to natural hazards and even to catastrophes.

Due to the hot and often dry weather, there are often bush fires, especially in Victoria. Drought periods also occur. These are intensified by global warming (rising temperatures and ozone depletion, a phenomenon that is very prevalent in Australia).
Especially the north is affected by heavy storms and cyclones.

Climate zones and seasons in Australia
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