Home Travel Tips Customs in Australia: What can you bring into the country?

Customs in Australia: What can you bring into the country?

Customs in Australia: What can you bring into the country?

Australia is renowned for its rich biodiversity and unique ecosystems. To protect this natural heritage, the Australian Government enforces strict customs regulations on what can be brought into the country. Customs in Australia are highly regulated when it comes to importing items and products, especially food, regardless of your destination city. Some products are strictly prohibited, while others are permitted but may need to be declared upon arrival on Australian soil. If you do not declare a product that needs to be declared, even if it is not voluntary, you risk receiving a very high fine, and having the products confiscated. To keep you as informed as possible, here is a short guide to authorised and prohibited products at the Australian borders, as well as the rules for sending goods in parcels to Australia.

Going through customs upon arrival

Your first contact with customs will generally be on the plane, where you will be given an “Incoming passenger card” by the flight crew. This card allows you to declare the goods and products that you bring on Australian soil. It must be carefully and honestly filled in by each passenger. This involves ticking the YES box for each category of product you are taking with you to Australia. If you have any doubts about the products you are bringing into Australia, you are strongly advised to declare them.

NB: If you do not speak English well, it is possible to find this passenger card in many other languages. You can find it upon arrival at the airport, before going through customs.

When you arrive at the airport, your passenger card must be presented at Customs, along with your biometric passport. A biosecurity officer will check your declared items, and may ask you some questions to ensure that the items comply with regulations.

If the officer thinks the goods are low risk, you can keep them. On the other hand, if he or she believes that they present a high risk, you have three options: pay a fee so the goods can be processed and subsequently recovered, send them back to their country of origin, or send them to be destroyed. All these options are at your expense.

⚠️ Warning: Even if you don’t declare any goods, be aware that a biosecurity officer can still inspect your luggage. Customs officers can use X-rays or a sniffer dog. Dogs are used extensively at Australian airports. Be aware that you should never touch or pet the dogs, under penalty of being called to order by the agents.

Before your departure, we advise you to read the regulations in force on the Australian Border Force website.

Products that are banned by Australian customs

Prohibited items are not allowed into Australia under any circumstances.

Weapons, drugs and counterfeits

Certain products, as in most countries of the world, are completely prohibited: drugs, weapons, fireworks, firecrackers, sharp objects and counterfeit items. These products are prohibited in checked baggage and hand luggage at all airports.

Animal products and plants

Items made from animals, such as skins, feathers, and bones, may be subject to restrictions. You are not allowed to bring corals, hunting trophies or ivory products. You are not allowed to bring souvenirs made of animal bones through customs, for example.

The importation of live plants and seeds is very strictly regulated. This includes flowers, seeds, and wood products. Many require permits or quarantine. While you can import meat products if they are canned (see below), those that are not canned (including vacuum sealed items) are not allowed into Australia unless you have a permit. Natural species, especially protected species (animal and plant) are also prohibited.

Homemade food and fresh products

When you arrive in Australian, you will not be allowed to bring fresh fruit (apples, bananas, oranges, etc.) or in general any fresh product likely to contain micro-organisms. Thus eggs, most plants/seeds, fresh herbs, hazelnuts, walnuts and almonds are prohibited. You can forget the homemade cakes and other small dishes that you might have prepared for your trip!

You cannot bring food from the plane or ship into Australia.

Authorised products

You can bring and do not need to declare all commercially prepared and packaged products intended for your personal use and consumption such as:

  • Biscuits, bread, pastries, Christmas cakes and pudding (excluding cheesecakes)
  • ​Chocolate or confectionery (fudge, toffees, boiled sweets, peppermints, marshmallows and liquorice).​
  • Cosmetic products  (including soap and hair care products) – up to 10kg per person.
  • Maple syrup, golden syrup, treacle
  • Vegemite, Promite, Marmite, cheesymite, Nutella, peanut butter
  • Roasted coffee is permitted into Australia for personal use (up to 10 kilograms), excluding Kopi Luwak/Civet.
  • Chips.

Products to declare

Restricted items may be brought into the country but require a declaration and possibly a permit or inspection upon arrival.


When it comes to importing food, problems can arise if you are not careful. Australia has very strict biosecurity procedures at its borders to prevent the introduction of harmful pests and diseases. Certain food items brought into Australia, even small amounts or ingredients for cooking, need to be declared.

Here is a list of the some of the food products that you can import for your personal consumption but that you will have to declare:

  • Meat products are authorised provided they are commercially manufactured and retorted. They must be in sterile cans, jars or retort pouches and must be shelf stable (not require refrigeration or freezing to maintain quality). The products will be inspected by customs officers who will verify that they meet these criteria.
  • Cheese, butter, and other dairy products are permitted into Australia for personal use if the product is commercially prepared and packaged and produced in an approved FMD-free country (the product label must list the country of origin).
  • Honey is permitted but must be declared. It will need to be inspected by a biosecurity officer on arrival, to confirm the honey items are free from contamination. Note that Western Australia has a higher quarantine status for bees and bee products.
  • Green coffee is allowed into Australia, however the goods must be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate and must be declared upon arrival.
  • Infant formula is allowed into Australia for personal use. It must be commercially prepared and packaged and list the country of manufacture on the packaging. The quantity allowed into Australia will depend on the country of manufacture.
  • Commercially prepared and packaged nuts are allowed into Australia if they are one of the following:
    • blanched/roasted/fried/boiled nuts
    • shelled and tightly vacuum sealed nuts
    • nuts packaged in small confectionery tins sealed under vacuum.

Please check the Border Force Website for more info on the food your can bring into Australia.

Tobacco and alcohol

These products should be reported on your arrival in Australia. You have the right to carry a certain amount (preferably in your carry on luggage).

You can’t have more than 25 cigarettes on your person. For rolling tobacco, 25 grams per person is allowed. Chewing tobacco is limited to 1.5 kg per person. Electronic cigarettes should not be an issue if they don’t contain nicotine.

Alcohol is allowed within the limit of 2.25L per person.


You must declare on arrival if you have more than AUD 10,000 in cash on you when going through customs.

Any merchandise with a value of more than 10,000 AUD (or foreign equivalent) must also be declared. You may also have to pay customs fees totalling 5% of the total value of these products. These declarations can be made online, on the Integrated Cargo System (ICS) website or via a paper document, Form B650.

Duty Free shopping

If you buy Duty Free products, you will also be limited on the quantaties you bring into Australia. If you buy alcohol, again the limit is 2.25L per person. Please note that this is not in addition to a bottle that you may have slipped into your suitcase before your departure. For cigarettes, again the limits are 25 cigarettes per person or 25 grams of rolling tobacco.

If you are 18 or older, you can bring in $900 of general merchandise tax-free. If you are under 18, you can bring $450. For example, this includes perfumes, jewelry, watches, sporting goods, leather goods, cameras, electronic devices and gifts purchased in Duty Free during a stopover at the departure airport.

If you bring in more than your duty-free allowance for general goods, you’ll need to pay duty on all your general goods not just on the excess.

Camping equipment

All camping items can be inspected by customs. It can go as far as the walking shoes you used for a previous trip. The main goal is to prevent unknown bacteria from the soil of other countries from entering Australia. So be sure to thoroughly clean all your equipment that has already been used elsewhere if you plan to take it with you.

Prescription drugs

Prescription drugs should be accompanied by a prescription, and quantities should be reasonable for personal use.

Any drug requiring a prescription should be reported on your arrival. Customs may inspect and request a prescription that allows you to have this medication. Don’t forget to translate your prescription into English, if it is in another language! Drugs that do not require a prescription, such as aspirin, do not need to be reported.

Certain medications need to be declared before the flight. These are drugs that can be used in dangerous, abusive, or addictive ways: steroids, pain relievers, cannabis for medical use only.

For more information contact: Office of Drug Control


Only certain seeds are permitted for importation and must be commercially packaged and labeled with their full botanical name (genus and species). They must not be contaminated (live insects, soil, leaves, stems, fruit pulp, pods, animal matter).

Most wooden items are permitted in Australia if they are free of bark, insects and signs of insect damage (such as bore holes) or other contamination. To check if wooden items have been damaged by insects, examine them closely to see if there are any holes or sawdust. Wooden items must be declared upon arrival and inspected.

Bringing your pet to Australia

If you want to bring your pet with you to Australia, you will need to apply for a permit from the Australian Government’s Department of Agriculture and Water Resources. Your pet will be required to be quarantined when you arrive in Australia (duration may vary). You must do this very early, well before the start of your trip, as the procedure can be quite long. In addition, you will have several steps to take at certain specific periods before the trip: bring your pet for one or more health checks at the vet, apply for an animal import permit, reserve your place in quarantine, etc.

In addition, you will have to declare all products related to the animal: dog basket, food, collars, bird cages, etc.

Finally, certain species of animals are not permitted in Australia, as is the case for any object related to this animal. Domestic birds and rabbits are not allowed to be imported to Australia, unless they come from New Zealand.

For more information or if you want to see if your animal is authorised in Australia, visit the dedicated site.

bring your pet to australia : information

Sending a package to Australia

All postal parcels arriving at international mail centres in Australia are assessed (whether for commercial purposes or personal use). Ministry of Agriculture biosecurity officers and their sniffer dogs search for risky goods such as certain foods, animal products (meat and pet food) and plant material (including seeds, cacti and succulents).

The rules are the same as those mentioned for importing goods, and should also apply when sending goods to Australia. This applies to everyone, especially families and friends who wish to send a gift to Australia.

What you can send to Australia by post

Goods that arrive by mail and have a declared or assessed value of AUD1000 or less, there are generally no duties, taxes or charges at the border, unless they are alcoholic beverages.

The rules for what you are permitted to send to Australia are similar to those for bringing goods through customs when travelling. Here is a little summary to help you. As far as food products are concerned, you will NOT be able to put homemade products (jam for example), vegetables or fruit in your package. Canned goods are not a problem. Commercially packaged cakes and bottles of alcohol are also allowed. If you send alcoholic beverages by mail with a value of AUD1000 or less, the Australian border will send the recipient an invoice advising the duty and taxes payable. The person will need to pay this invoice before the goods will be delivered.

Other products are prohibited from being sent to Australia. Among them are clothes with real fur as well as cash, precious metals, ivory, semi-precious or precious stones.

If the goods you send have a declared or assessed value of over AUD1000, the recipient will be sent a First Notice by Australia Post advising that he will need to lodge an Import Declaration for the goods. Goods with a value over AUD1000 are unable to be to be delivered by Australia Post unless an Import Declaration is made and any duty, taxes and charges owing are paid in full.

Clean goods before posting them

If you are sending shoes, sports, fishing or camping gear, make sure they are clean, dry and free of soil, seeds or plant matter.

Packaging goods for postage

Avoid packing goods in egg cartons, wooden or cardboard boxes that have been used to hold fruit, vegetables or meat. These packaging materials pose a biosecurity risk because sometimes living insects can hide in the interstices. Do not package items using straw or any dried plant material. Use newspaper or foam to wrap fragile products.

Make sure the package is securely and securely packaged to avoid damage in transit. Use bubble wrap, strong cardboard boxes and tape to seal the package.

Declaring goods sent in the post

Goods sent in the post must be declared upon shipment by clearly and correctly completing the declaration label provided by your local post office. Include a detailed description of everything inside the package.

You will need to complete a customs form. Depending on the post office where you post your parcel, you can fill this out on a machine at the post office or you will have to do it on the post office’s website (you can do this on your phone, or you can prepare in advance and do it at home from your computer). When you have completed the declaration, a bar code with a number will be sent to you. You will need to provide this information to the counter when posting your package.

If the goods arrive and do not meet the import conditions, they will be destroyed or returned to the foreign postal agency.

If, after evaluation by biosecurity officers, your mail does not present a risk, it will be released for delivery by Australia Post.

Fines and penalties

If you do not declare goods that need to be declared with customs, or make a false statement on your passenger card, you risk being caught, prosecuted, and fined. At worst, fines can amount to more than 420,000 AUD, and be accompanied by a prison sentence of up to 10 years.

On the other hand, under the Biosecurity Act 2015, you will not be penalised if you declare all goods, even if they are not permitted in Australia.

Remember that the Australian government is quite strict on customs regulations. This is because of the risks involved in importing bacteria from outside the Australian environment, which can have a negative impact on Australian biodiversity. This is why there are so many rules and penalties (fines and confiscation and destruction of the object concerned).

If in doubt

If you have any doubts about a parcel shipment and its contents or about an object/product that you wish to take to Australia, we advise you to contact Australian Border Force directly:

By telephone (from abroad): +61 2 6196 0196. Monday to Friday, 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. (AEST)

Please note that the centre is closed on Australian national holidays (New Year’s Day, Australia Day, Good Friday, Easter Monday, Anzac Day, Christmas Day and Boxing Day).

You can also visit their website for more information: abf.gov.au

Frequently Asked Questions

Can I bring food into Australia?

Yes, provided that the products are industrially prepared and present no risk of microbiological contamination. See the lists provided in this article.

Can I bring medication into Australia?

Yes, provided you bring your doctor’s prescription and don’t have more than 3 months of supply with you.

Do I need to declare souvenirs made from wood or plant material?

Yes, all items made from plant material should be declared to ensure they do not pose a biosecurity risk.

Can I bring my plants to Australia?

No, live plants are not permitted through customs in Australia.

Can I bring art or antiques back to Australia?

It is possible to bring art and antiques into Australia, but it is important to check the rules and restrictions before you go. It is also important to declare all works of art and antiques upon arrival at customs.

Do I need to declare my items to customs when arriving in Australia?

Yes, you must declare all items you bring into Australia, including goods, food.

What documents do I need to present at customs when arriving in Australia?

You will need to present your passport, your Incoming Passenger Card (explained in the article above), your visa is linked to your passport so the agents will see it when scanning your passport.

What will happen if I don't declare items at Customs in Australia?

Failure to declare items to customs may result in penalties, including fines and confiscation of goods. It is essential to be honest and respect customs rules.

Sources :

The information provided in this article is for informational purposes only and is subject to change. We invite you to consult the official websites cited or to contact the Australian customs services directly.

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  1. I can bring nuts and granola bars/protein bars for personal consumption on the flight over, but, must throw out prior to going through customs, am I reading that right? Nuts/seeds? I’m talking Roasted cashews,almonds, walnuts, brazil nuts, but, in a size large enough for my husband and I to snack on for our flight.

  2. I am a Seed grower in Tasmania, Can I purchase heirloom/open pollinated seeds in NZ and bring them over on the plane with me and declare them as long as they are on the permitted list/properly labeled?. I am applying for the approved seed importer in Tassie but not sure on the process to get them in to Australia on a plane. Do i need to bring a photosan cert for commercial packaged seeds?

  3. Can I bring lemongrass essential oil that is transferred out of its original bottle? Or do i have to keep it in its original packaging bottle

  4. Hi,
    Can I bring instant food (packed food just mixing with hot water)? It’s packed by the manufacturer and it’s not opened.

  5. Hi,
    Can I bring a machine into Australia by plane? It’s a lid sealed machine, for business purposes. Or do I need to ship it by sea?

    Thanks in advance

  6. I just cane back to Perth yesterday and customs charged me for bringing canned corned beef and pate in a can. Is this right? I always bring the same canned food for years but got penalised just this time. Charged me AUD630.

  7. Hi,
    Can I bring coffee (Arabica), fish sauce, and seasoning to Australia? All of these products are from Vietnam. Thanks for your advice.
    Van Nguyen


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