Australia’s climate is generally favourable all year round however, understanding the seasons a little more will make your trip a lot more enjoyable and of course more comfortable. Planning your trip according to the seasons means you will avoid the wet monsoonal periods and you will not have to suffer from the intense humidity and Australian heat. Whether you are planning to travel for a few months or for a year, this article will help you understand the climate changes and help you to avoid any unpleasant surprises when you land in kangaroo country. This article will help you to understand when it is the best time to visit Australia!
The seasons in Australia
Firstly, and most importantly, the seasons in Australia are reversed compared to the seasons in Europe. As Australia is in the Southern Hemisphere, the summer begins in December and the winter begins in June.
The different climates of the country
Australia has three main climates: temperate, tropical and arid.
Like Europe, the temperate climate is present in the south which means that Southern Australia has 4 seasons.
Northern Australia is a tropical climate with distinctive wet and dry seasons.
Finally, the Outback, the center of the country, is a dry climate. It is warm all year round, with cold nights and little to no rain.
When and where to travel in Australia?
If you plan your trip around Australian by following the seasons, the climate can remain relatively mild throughout the year. As you know, Australia is a huge country therefore weather variations can be felt from state to state. It is highly recommended being prepared for all seasons though because being an incredibly vast country, changes can happen rapidly.
The following breakdown of the four seasons is a quick guide on the best time to visit Australia and where you should go:
Spring – September to November
Spring is the favourable season for the whole country. The temperatures remain mild-moderate and the beauty of the wildflowers is in full bloom. However, be mindful that in the North it is the very beginning of the wet rainy season, which you don’t want to get stuck in without being aware and prepared.
Summer – December to February
With temperatures reaching above 40 degrees in the North and Center of Australia, it is the best time to visit Southern Australia during summer. This time of the year is also peak wet season for the North meaning the severe thunderstorms and monsoonal conditions are common. Summer in the South, especially Tasmania, is extremely popular for travellers and tourists so to avoid disappointment book your tours, hotels and car rentals in advance. Do not let the word summer completely fool you though because Tasmania and Melbourne are known to have “4 seasons in a day”.
Autumn – March to May
Autumn offers reasonable temperatures throughout the country. The rainy wet season in the North is slowly ceasing and although the days are still moderate-high temperatures the nights are becoming cooler. This is usually a time to visit the Australian Outback and Red Center. Make sure you are prepared for the flies though, as they are absolutely notorious. Invest in a fly net to keep yourself sane.
Winter – June to August
Winter is the best time to visit the Far North of Australia. With cooler nights and mild days, you will remain comfortable throughout your travels. It is the perfect time to visit the Great Barrier Reef as there is no risk with the jellyfish (present from December – March) and the days are bright and sunny.
Climate in the big Cities of Australia
Best period: September to February
Climate: Mild climate throughout the year with no dry season and high rainfall
Average yearly temperature: 19.5 degrees
Best period: October to April
Climate: Temperate coastal climate with no dry season and average rainfall
Average yearly temperature: 14 degrees
Best period: April to June / September to November
Climate: Subtropical climate which can be very humid and hot during the summer. No dry season.
Average yearly temperature: 20.5 degrees
Best time: May to October
Climate: Dry winter with mild-warm climate and a wet summer with hot and humid conditions
Average yearly temperature: 24 degrees
Best period: October to May
Climate: Warm Mediterranean climate with a dry summer
Average yearly temperature: 18.3 degrees
Best time: Mid seasons – March to May / October, November
Climate: Warm Mediterranean climate with a dry summer and cool winter months.
Average yearly temperature: 17 degrees
Best time: May to October
Climate: Two distinct seasons; a wet (Nov-April) and a dry season (May-Oct) however, the temperature remains warm all year round.
Average yearly temperature: 27.2 degrees